Native to North America
- American Hornbeam (Carpinus caroliniana)
- Eastern Hophornbeam (Ostrya virginiana)
Hornbeam Identification and Relationship with BIrds
Distinct looking, small deciduous tree, ranging from 20 to 40 feet tall, with a 20 to 40-foot spread (depending on species). Hornbeam is known for its twisted trunk, dense wood, and muscular-looking branches. The Hornbeam produces nutlets in late summer, which are eaten by a number of birds – including the American Goldfinch. Due to its broad shape, the Hornbeam provides quality shelter and nesting locations for birds, it is a favorite nesting tree of the Ruby-Throated Hummingbird.