Spicebush - Lindera benzoin
Native to USA
State distribution (USDA): AL, AR, CT, DC, DE, FL, GA, IA, IL, IN, KS, KY, LA, MA, MD, ME, MI, MO, MS, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, OK, PA, RI, SC, TN, TX, VA, VT, WV
Deciduous shrub ranging from 5 to 12 feet tall, with a 5 to 8-foot spread. Spicebush is perhaps best known for the unique looking caterpillar (aptly named the Spicebush Swallowtail) that feeds on its leaves. In spring Spicebush blooms small but fragrant yellow flowers, which attract insects (which will in turn attract insectivorous birds). The small red berries of a female Spicebush plant are quite attractive to birds, especially during fall migration - which coincides with the time the berries ripen. Spicebush berries, which are regarded for their high fat content, are especially favored by Veery and Wood Thrush (and may be the single best bet if you are trying to attract them).