Eastern Hemlock - Tsuga canadensis
Native to USA
State distribution (USDA): AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV
Medium-sized evergreen tree, ranging from 60 to 70 feet tall, with a 25 to 35-foot spread at maturity. Eastern Hemlock, grows very well in shade and is known for its long life (one in Pennsylvania is reported to have lived for over 550 years). The Eastern Hemlock is one of the best wildlife shelter trees in the United States, many birds depend on it for winter survival and or used it for nesting. The cones of the Eastern Hemlock are small but numerous, the seeds they bear provide food for many birds.
Birds Most Commonly Associated with Eastern Hemlock
American Goldfinch American Robin Barred Owl Black-Capped Chickadee Blue Jay Brown Creeper Carolina Wren Crossbill Dark-Eyed Junco Evening Grosbeak Kinglets Pine Siskin Purple Finch Rose-Breasted Grosbeak Scarlet Tanager Warblers Wild Turkey Wood Thrush