Eastern Hemlock - Tsuga canadensis

Native to USA

State distribution (USDA): AL, CT, DC, DE, GA, IN, KY, MA, MD, ME, MI, MN, NC, NH, NJ, NY, OH, PA, RI, SC, TN, VA, VT, WI, WV 

  • Medium-sized evergreen tree, ranging from 60 to 70 feet tall, with a 25 to 35-foot spread at maturity. Eastern Hemlock, grows very well in shade and is known for its long life (one in Pennsylvania is reported to have lived for over 550 years). The Eastern Hemlock is one of the best wildlife shelter trees in the United States, many birds depend on it for winter survival and or used it for nesting. The cones of the Eastern Hemlock are small but numerous, the seeds they bear provide food for many birds. 

Birds Most Commonly Associated with Eastern Hemlock

American Goldfinch     American Robin     Barred Owl     Black-Capped Chickadee     Blue Jay     Brown Creeper     Carolina Wren     Crossbill     Dark-Eyed Junco     Evening Grosbeak     Kinglets     Pine Siskin     Purple Finch     Rose-Breasted Grosbeak     Scarlet Tanager     Warblers     Wild Turkey     Wood Thrush